Intermodal public transport in Pécs

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Technical data

Building trades

road design
traffic engineering
railway and catenary design
utility design
electrical and mechanical design
telecommunication design
bridge and structural design
geotechnics

Principal

Cowi Magyarország Tanácsadó és Tervező Kft.

Design value

72.30 millió Ft

Years of completion

2013 to 2014

Years of construction

2015

The purpose of the project is to improve accessibility to, and the liveability and competitiveness of, Pécs and its conurbation through the development of the transport sector.

At present, a railway line separates the city centre from the valley of Pécsi-víz (a stream) specified as development area in a wide strip, also cutting off Bajcsy-Zsilinszky utca acting as a north-south pedestrian axis from the old town to the covered market. The current railway station is also further away from the city centre axis conceived by the city, as it is located at a greater walking distance from the city centre. The current busy bus and coach station, which is used by nearly 15,000 departing and 10,000 arriving passengers every day, has several problems (the current location of the station, the internal traffic order of the terminal and a low number of platforms). A transport hub with a regional role, which overcomes the current difficulties of bus and coach terminals and simultaneously approximates the intertown and conurbation means of transport, favourably connecting them also to local public transit, may represent a considerable development potential.

The basic objective is to establish a new transport hub close to the city centre, which facilitates the integration of, and cooperation between, transport networks and creates a new ‘gate’ for the city. The purpose of establishing the intermodal hub is, firstly, to restore the intertown and long distance role of railways, connected to, and cooperating with, other means of transport more favourably than today, and, secondly, to integrate the transport hub into the urban environment. (In addition, the benefits attainable as a transport hub must be made use of through the development, together with the value-increasing and function-changing effects of an area close to the city centre.) With this, it can also be achieved that the project also generates urban development in its vicinity.

According to the selected concept, a new passenger terminal building would be established on the west side of the tram flyover, above the railway, with pedestrian crossing over a large surface. The rail platforms would be relocated towards the new engineering structure, and the current station building would be connected to the other end of the platforms. The new bus and coach station would be constructed also under the engineering structure, on the north side of the railway, which would be a terminal for both local and intertown services. Simultaneously with the preparation of the project, a feasibility study for the development of fixed-track transport in Pécs was completed. Therefore, it was a fundamental requirement that the design of the intermodal hub should support the proposed fixed-track transport development project. In accordance with the Principal’s decision, a tram route running in Bajcsy-Zsilinszky utca and, in addition, providing central access to the city centre, which is also ‘compatible’ with the location of the intermodal hub, was devised. The selected route of the T-shaped tram network in Pécs is fit into the directions and areas with the greatest passenger traffic. Under the project, the tramway is constructed on nearly 16.8 linear km in total, with two tracks on the majority of the network. A single-track tramway is constructed only in the city centre and in the south loop running in the suburbs. The tram crosses the railway line on a new flyover. Three services allowing direct travel between quarters of the city are created:

  • Tram line 1: Kertváros–(belváros–)Uránváros (Suburb–[City Centre–]Uranium City)
  • Tram line 2: Fehérhegy–(belváros–)Uránváros és (White Hill–[City Centre–]Uranium City)
  • Tram line 3: Kertváros–(belváros–)Budai vám (Suburb–[City Centre–]Buda Customs Office)

Wherever possible, the vehicles run on tracks separated from road traffic, but this is not allowed by every cross-section. By necessity, lanes shared by public transport and road traffic are established in sections representing bottlenecks. Under the project, it is necessary to establish a new, modern tram depot for parking and maintaining 25 new trams. The proposed car depot can serve trams and the bus and coach fleet at one location.